Space tourism is still in its infancy, but it has the potential to be an exciting new industry. Today’s trips are infrequent and expensive for most people; however innovative startups such as Spacex will reduce costs so that more people can afford access to outer space.
Space tourism is split into three distinct categories
1. Suborbital space tourism
A suborbitally launched rocket doesn’t have enough power for its own successful escape from Earth’s gravitational pull, so it will fly up high and then come back down. Once engines are turned off they will safely land on earth.
Suborbital passengers will be able to experience weightlessness for a few minutes on their way up. They’re not actually falling upward, but experiencing freefall like an airplane does during parabolic maneuvers when it’s at its lowest point in flight arcs.
2. Orbital space tourism
There are many differences between orbital and suborbital flight, but one of the most notable is that a spacecraft needs to maintain a certain speed in order for it to be considered ‘in orbit’. Orbital velocity refers to how high or low you need your vessel’s kick in order for something that is spinning fast enough can stay away from Earth’s gravitational force.
In 2001, an American millionaire and CEO of Wilshire Associates Dennis Tito became the first space tourist to board the International Space Station (ISS). This historic event paved way for future trips into Earth’s orbit by private citizens.
3. Lunar space tourism
The possibility of tourism to the moon is becoming more and more real. Private citizens may be able go on unique lunar expeditions
Nasa’s lunar spaceflights are among the most ambitious of all. With its goal to explore and land on Mars in mind, it is always striving for new discoveries that will help us get one step closer to our dream of exploring other planets outside Earth’s solar system like Venus or Jupiter’s moon Europa.
What companies are leading in space tourism?
Boeing is not just a company that makes airplanes. The reality of Boeing, though most people would never imagine it to be true, has been working with NASA and the US government for some time now-and their efforts have led them into space exploration.
Blue Origin is a private space company founded by Jeff Bezos in 2000 and they just made history! The reusable rocket New Shepard successfully completed its first human flight recently with 4 private citizens onboard. The crew included Jeff Bezos, Mark Bezos, Wally Funk, and Oliver Daemen. The rocket New Shephard took off on 20th July 2021 from West Texas, United States.
SpaceX is an American aerospace manufacturer that has been working for decades to make space travel accessible. Founded by Elon Musk, the man responsible for Tesla Motors and PayPal as well! Their work includes developing Dragon Spacecrafts which are used by NASA astronauts today – but they’re also planning more than just sending people into orbit; including trips around Earth’s Moon or Mars
The British entrepreneur Richard Branson founded Virgin Galactic in 2004. Recently, he reached more than 50 miles above the New Mexico desert aboard his rocket plane and safely returned to earth after reaching a new height of success with this project that has been long-awaited by many people around world!
Axiom Space is a company that was founded in 2016 with the mission to make low Earth orbit accessible for researchers, manufacturers and more. Founder Grant Geransky says “Axioms goal isn’t just about going somewhere else but rather understanding our place within all of existence.”
Zero 2 Infinity is a Spanish company that specializes in high-altitude balloons to provide access for near space and low Earth orbit.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a multinational collaborative project involving five participating space agencies: NASA, Roscosmos and JAXA from Russia; ESA from Europe; CSA Canada. The ISS was established in 1998 as the first step towards an international effort to build orbiting far-off habitats for use during future scientific exploration.